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How to treat Chronic Inflammation?

Suppress the flames of Chronic Inflammation – Treat it wisely!
Chronic inflammation is the result of our immune system triggering an inflammatory response on the body’s own cells. It is a serious condition and is associated with the onset of several diseases such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, Alzheimer’s, kidney failure, etc.

Though the symptoms of chronic inflammation cannot be visible until the later stages, proper diagnosis can help fight this disease.

And with proper diagnosis comes subsequent treatment. Treatment options include medications, rest and exercise, and surgery to correct joint damage. The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors including the type of disease, the person’s age, type of medications he or she is taking, overall health, medical history and severity of symptoms.

NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs)
These drugs, like paracetamol and aspirin act by inhibiting the cells from producing prostaglandins, the main chemical mediator of inflammation.

Corticosteroids
They are a type of steroids that inhibit prostaglandin formation by the cells as well as inhibit the function of white blood cells which are generally responsible for the inflammatory process.

Anti-Histamines
They block the cells called basophils and mast cells which produce the hormone histamine in cases of allergic responses.

Hot & Cold Therapy
Hot and cold therapy helps assist with inflammation due to its physical effects on living tissue. Cold applications cause constriction (narrowing) of the blood vessels thereby inhibiting inflammation and also assists with the signs and symptoms of inflammation by causing ‘numbing’ of the area thereby blocking pain and ‘cooling’ the area. Hot applications on the other hand usually aggravate (worsen) inflammation but may help with easing the cause of inflammation like spasms or cramping of muscles. Therefore the alternate hot and cold therapy is ideal to keep the inflammatory response under control.

Keeping a check on obesity
Obesity has been linked to elevated levels of inflammatory blood markers such as C-reactive protein. Therefore consuming lower-glycemic foods reduces the insulin surge that contributes to chronic inflammatory processes.

Avoid processed and overcooked food
Eating too much overcooked food (foods cooked at high temperatures resulting in glycation end products) causes an increase in inflammatory cytokines

Vitamin Supplements
Inflammation causes the vitamin and mineral resources of the body to be used up quickly. Especially vitamin C and vitamin D are quickly flushed from the body, leaving one fatigued and with a lowered immunity. Treating inflammation with vitamins and supplements can help replenish the vitamin stores and greatly reduce the risk of developing a wide range of diseases and health conditions.

Other medications
Alternative medicines like anti-malarial medications (such as hydroxychloroquine), methotrexate, sulfasalazine, leflunomide and anti-TNF are other options.

Reference:
Disturbance of function (functio laesa): the legendary fifth cardinal sign of inflammation, added by Galen to the four cardinal signs of Celsus. Bull N Y Acad Med.